LEEK (Heb. הָצִיר, ḥaẓir), vegetable. Allium porrum is mentioned among the vegetables of Egypt for which the children of Israel craved during their journey in the wilderness (Num. 11:5). This vegetable was popular with the Egyptians, sketches of it being common in Egyptian paintings and remains found in their tombs. Ḥaẓir elsewhere in the Bible refers to grass used as fodder, and is used for leek once only in the Mishnah (Kelim 17:5). It is usually termed kereishah or karatei, from the root כרת ("cut"), since it was densely sown and its green leaves cut from time to time for food. These were valued, among other things, as a remedy against snake bite: "If someone is bitten by a snake, leek may be cut for him (on the Sabbath)" (Yoma 83b). Its taste is similar to that of the onion, but more delicate. It was eaten to dispel the aftertaste of radish (Pes. 116a). If the plants are well spaced out they develop bulbs which were a favorite food. This bulb is in the shape of a head, hence its mishnaic name kaflutin (Greek κεφαλωτόν, "with a head"; for the difference between the leaf and the bulb see Tosef., Ter. 4:5). The leaf is dark turquoise green in color, close to that of tekhelet (Ber. 1:2). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 2 (1924), 131–8; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), 34f. nos. 25 and 26; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im ve-Harkavah (1967), 58–62; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 174f. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leek — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • leek — (n.) culinary herb, O.E. læc (Mercian), leac (W.Saxon) leek, onion, garlic, from P.Gmc. *lauka (Cf. O.N. laukr leek, garlic, Dan. lèg, Swed. lök onion, O.S. lok leek, M.Du. looc, Du. look leek, garlic, O.H.G …   Etymology dictionary

  • leek — /leek/, n. 1. a plant, Allium ampeloprasum, of the amaryllis family, allied to the onion, having a cylindrical bulb and leaves used in cookery. 2. any of various allied species. [bef. 1000; ME; OE leac; c. G Lauch, ON laukr] * * * Hardy, vigorous …   Universalium

  • Leek — (l[=e]k), n. [AS. le[ a]c; akin to D. look, G. lauch, OHG. louh, Icel. laukr, Sw. l[ o]k, Dan l[ o]g. Cf. {Garlic}.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Allium} ({Allium Porrum}), having broadly linear succulent leaves rising from a loose oblong… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leek — hat folgende Bedeutungen: eine Gemeinde in der Provinz Groningen, siehe Leek (Niederlande) eine Kleinstadt in der Grafschaft Staffordshire, siehe Leek (England) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • leek — leek. См. луки. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Leek — (de), Dorf in der niederländischen Provinz Gröningen, 21/2 Stunden südwestlich von Gröningen. Dabei das fischreiche Leekster Meer, ein Landsee …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leek — (spr. līk), Stadt im Norden Staffordshires (England), auf einer Anhöhe über dem Churnet und an einem Zweige des Trent Merseykanals, mit gotischer Pfarrkirche (1867–75 restauriert), dem Nicholson Institut (Freibibliothek, Museum u. Kunstschule),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leek — (spr. lihk), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Stafford, (1901) 15.484 E.; Seidenspinnerei …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • leek — [li:k] n [: Old English; Origin: leac] a vegetable with a long white stem and long flat green leaves, which tastes like an onion …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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